Copyright Ó 2005 by Percival D.McCormack.Published by the Mars Society with permission
Percival D. McCormack, M.D.,Ph.D.,Sc.D.
Professor Of Bioengineering And Biophysics
University Of Illinois At Chicago
There are many biomedical issues that must be resolve to ensure the survival and safety of humans living and traveling in space. The space environment is hostile to humans.
There are short term, or acute, health issues for Shuttle-type and medium duration (ISS) missions. These include cardiovascular deconditioning; neurophysiology changes(for example; vestibular and especially SMS); behavioural psychology; hematology; muscular deconditioning etc.). This review addresses the long term stays and long duration flights, such as an expedition to Mars and a Mars outpost, and the development of a lunar base. Three specific long term health hazards will be addressed; they are the potential ‘show-stoppers’.